Coronavirus disease – symptoms and causes: Today due to the large spread of coronavirus death rate is increasing globally.

Till now overall globally total number of cases for coronavirus is 23,21,401 has been identified in which total death has risen up to 1,59,621 and 5,94,538 has been recovered.

This coronavirus has affected about 188 countries and 1 territory yet around the whole world. The spread of the virus is very fast which has affected the routine life of the people.

In India, the total number of cases until today is about 15,722 and 521 patients deaths have found and 2,463 are recovered cases.

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What is corona disease?

According to WHO coronavirus (CoV) is a large family of viruses which produces the symptoms from common cold-like cough and coryza to very severe diseases which includes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome.

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a new stain found in 2019 which has affected most of the people in China. This COVID-19 is not been identified previously in any human beings. This COVID-19 has an outbreak of the disease in China.

Due to increasing number of cases due to the coronavirus, U.S. Public health groups, like the World Health Organization (WHO) and the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) posting the monitoring of the cases and situations of COVID-19 to their websites for the latest news updates.

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How did this new coronavirus found in human?

COVID-19 first identified in Wuhan city of China in December 2019. The exact source for this virus is still under investigation but according to hypothesis the origin of this virus is from the seafood market in Wuhan city in China.

Few people who went to this market for buying seafood suffered from viral pneumonia which is caused by this new coronavirus.

A study on this new coronavirus gave an important note on 25 January 2020 that the first case of this new coronavirus has reported on December 1, 2019, which has no such link with the seafood market.

So till now researches and investigation are going on for identifying the exact source and spread of the virus.

Symptoms of coronavirus

Symptoms of COVID-19 includes

  • Cough
  • Fever – low grade
  • Body ache
  • Nasal congestion
  • Running nose
  • Sore throat
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Respiratory symptoms

In severe cases of COVID-19, the conditions produced by the virus include

  • Pneumonia
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome
  • Kidney failure
  • Death

The severity of symptoms produced due to COVID-19 varies from mild to severe according to the susceptibility of the person.

Those people who are suffering from major health issues such as heart diseases or those who are older are at higher risk of having a severe illness.

The symptoms of COVID -19 are similar to the symptoms of influenza.

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High-Risk factors

Risk factors for COVID-19 include

  • Travelling from the area with an ongoing spread of COVID-19
  • Close contact with the person who is diagnosed with COVID-19 includes family members, health care workers.
  • Touched body fluids of the patient (respiratory tract secretions, blood, vomit, saliva, urine, faeces)
  • Had direct physical contact with the body of the patient including physical examination without PPE
  • Touched or cleaned the linen, clothes or dishes of the patient
  • Lives in the same household of the patient
  • Anyone in the close proximity (within 3 ft) of the confirmed case without precautions
  • Passenger with the close proximity (within 3 ft) of a conveyance with a person whose symptoms are of similar to COVID -19 who later tested positive with COVID-19 for more than 19 hours.

Low-risk factors

The Low-risk factor for COVID-19 includes

  • People those shared the same space like the same class for school and colleges or those who worked in the same rooms, similar and not having a high-risk exposure to a confirmed or suspect case of COVID -19.
  • Travelled in the same environment (bus/train/flight/any mode of transit) but not having high-risk exposure.

Causes

The exact cause for its contagious is still not clear.

Incubation period

It has seen that the symptoms appeared in the people within fourteen days after exposure to the virus.

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The coronavirus can spread through

  • Person to person. This can be seen in the people who come in close contact with the infected person.
  • Through droplets. While coughing and sneezing the droplets which are produced by the infected person through mouth and nose inhaled by the other person.
  • Coronavirus can also be spread while contact with the infected object or surface.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis is difficult to make under physical examination as the symptoms of coronavirus are similar to flu or a bad cold. For confirming the diagnosis laboratory investigation is done.

Treatment

There is no specific treatment for the virus. The only treatment given to the infected person is supportive measures to the patients for relieving the symptoms.

In severe cases, additional treatment should be given which include research drugs and therapeutics.

Prevention to be taken

World health organization (WHO) and centres for disease and control and prevention (CDC) has these suggestions for the prevention of the spreading of the virus

  • Wash your hand with soap and water for at least 20-30 seconds.
  • Use alcohol-based hand sanitizer if the soap is not available for washing hands.
  • Cover your mouth while coughing
  • Use tissue paper while sneezing and throw that tissue in the trash.
  • Avoid touching your face, mouth, nose and eyes with your unwashed hands.
  • Objects touched by the people regularly clean them thoroughly.
  • If you feel sick stay at your home.
  • Avoid coming into contacts with those people who are sick.

Along with these precautions WHO has recommended following to prevent from coronavirus

  • Don’t eat or avoid eating raw or undercooked meat or any animal organs.
  • Avoid touching the live animals which have been touched by many people in the markets, as the spread of coronavirus is higher in crowded markets.

Complication of COVID–19 includes

  • Pneumonia
  • Organs failure
  • In severe cases, death may occur

How travelling is affected?

If you are planning for travelling internationally, first check the updates for the coronavirus given by WHO and CDC on websites than only plan your travel.

Along with this, check for the health advisor on the place where you are planning for travel.

Can Coronavirus (COVID-19) cause death?

If you are under any health issue like heart diseases or respiratory diseases, take the advice of your doctor first as you may be more susceptible to infections and complications.

According to the latest report till now more than 5,960 deaths have found worldwide. In India till 4 deaths have been found.

Should facemask is needed to wear?

It is advised to contact the health advisor at the place where you live. CDC doesn’t recommend healthy people to wear a facemask for protecting themselves from the respiratory infection including COVID -19. Facemask is only recommended to wear under some health conditions.

Facemask is recommended to the people who are suffering from the symptoms like sneezing, coughing to protect others from spreading of infection as coughing and sneezing releases the droplets which contains virus including flu.

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Travelling via airplane is safe or not?

As per the guidelines given by the health advisors, travel advisors and WHO that if you are suffering from any of the symptoms which correspond to the flu, you are not advised to fly.

Even if you have a fever or any respiratory symptoms travelling is not advised. If any person is having a cold and cough and he/she is advised to wear a mask during travelling.

Vaccination available for COVID-19

Till now there is no vaccines are present for COVID -19, scientists are trying to produce vaccines and soon will be tested on human beings. 

When to contact a doctor?

Contact your doctor in the following cases

  • If you think that you have any symptoms similar to COVID-19
  • If you have been exposed to someone who is suffering from COVID-19
  • And if you live or travel in the area with the ongoing spread of COVID-19

Call your doctor or visit to your doctor’s clinic if you have any respiratory symptoms or fever after coming from any area where the disease is pandemic.

Tell your doctor about your travel story and if you have any medical condition.

How to make immunity strong?

Following are the measures to make your immunity strong

  • Exercise daily
  • Eat healthy vegetable, fruits and whole grains
  • Stop smoking
  • Maintain your weight
  • Blood pressure should be controlled
  • No stress
  • Alcohol should be stopped. If you drink alcohol then it should be in the limit (not more than two drinks in a day)
  • Take proper sleep
  • Avoid the place of infection
  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Don’t touch your face and mouth with hands regularly as germs can easily enter your body through them.
  • Drink plenty of fluids and electrolytes

Coronavirus can spread very easily. So prevention should be taken so then you should not have any flu-like symptoms.

If you are having any of the symptoms contact your doctor as soon as possible without any delay because it is said that precaution is better than cure.

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